Final in EDU8213

At the beginning of this module, we have been asked to make a plasticine template that refers to the shape of the future of learning. I make a video game controller that explain how the education will be playing a big role for entertainment and people spend long time on games. At the end of the module, they have been asked to make another one that reflect what they have learnt and put any possible change to their plasticine but I have been abroad so I did not make any changes on my plasticine. But I will talk on my experience in this module and the video discussions that we have made about what the teaching and learning look like in 2040?, and to reflect on each other talk.

First, in this course, using blogs and social media is a requirement for sharing information and commenting on the lecture. Also, every week we have a task which requires making a blog about every week topic. Then as a reflection, we have to comment on others blogs as an interactive method to show our critical thinking. As a result, my experience on this course significantly reinforces the research conducted on the use of blogging in education and encourage us to read more and to find new resources about the topic. I started learning how to blog by using personal web blog such as WordPress and Tweeter to make comments and hashtags to our module and the lecture topics. I found it quit challenging because I have never used it before, but after using it for a while I realised it very useful and it just needs practice of how to use it.

Another significant aspect that I have learnt is that blogs could help to add new skills to educators such as allowing them to do new things that were not possible otherwise like sharing knowledge in a different way.  It has also allowed students to create interaction learning environment where students can be taught from the each other and share ideas with each other regarding the project being studied. By the end of this module, I have some recommendations of using blogs and social media to enhance both the teaching and learning experience such as examining educators’ communication via blogs, using blogs to present educators’ motivation and how they express their ideas, using blogs to identify student differences and their weaknesses and strengths.

Finally, the final task in this module was to make discussion videos about the teaching and learning in 2040. So, we have been divided to groups and each member in the group should talk about a different topic in terms of what it will look like in the future and what it brings to the topic. My group included Francesca, Siti, and Yaiza. The first speaker was Francesca and she talked about collaborative and sharing knowledge. She indicated that collaborative learning and sharing knowledge very important to have better developed education system and we should be prepared to learn the skills that needed for the future. In fact, some countries are moving toward developing the education and prepare it for the future. For example, UK government is spending 45 billions for building schools for the future program.

Next, speaker Yaiza has talked about the complex theory and the need of having a good interaction and to create a powerful and effective educational environment by using the technology. I think the challenge is that people become more familiar with the new technology and practice using it in the education.

Then, Siti ,the third speaker, added that the new technology is very expensive and it might be for people who can afford to learn in this new environment. Also, The assessment criteria should be change using the technology to measure students understanding not just their memory.

For me, I am more optimistic about using the technology and I talked about virtual reality in the education and it can bring new dimension for teaching and learning by creating virtual classrooms and convenient access to educational resources. Also, the communication will be more easier for all parts in the environment.

I included an example of cities that will be built for the future such as Saudi Arabia which they are building a new city called “NEOM” and it will be ready by 2030 as a part of the government vision. This city will be based on new technology such as VR and Augmented reality and considering the economical change for the world and might be used for all Saudi cities. So, by 2040, all this technology could be used in education. However, that could be different from country to another.

In addition, I indicated some recommendations that could be used for developing programs for the future of education such as curriculum for networked learning, educators and their personal network and relation, mentoring network development, and creating public forum discussing the development and to emerge social network in the education system.

At the end I would like to thank my group Francesca, Yaiza, and Siti for the interesting discussion. I believe these discussed components from the speakers could help to shape the teaching and learning in 2040 and the future and to have better impact on the education environment.

 

 

References:

Brooks, K., Nichol, C. J., & Priebe, S 2004, Remediation, Genre, and Motivation: Key Concepts for Teaching with Weblogs. [Online]. Available at: http://blog.lib.umn.edu/blogosphere/remediation_genre.html [Accessed: January 20, 2018].

Greenwald, S., Kulik, A., Kunert, A., Beck, S., Frohlich, B., Cobb, S., Parsons, S., Newbutt, N., Gouveia, C., Cook, C. and Snyder, A., 2017. Technology and applications for collaborative learning in virtual reality.

Facer, K. and Sandford, R., 2010. The next 25 years?: future scenarios and future directions for education and technology. Journal of computer assisted learning, 26(1), pp.74-93.

http://discoverneom.com/content/pdfs/NEOM_FACT_SHEET_RGB_100073132_LDN.pdf

 

Session 9: Academic and Educator talk about The Future of Teaching and Learning

The task for this session is to summarise some talks of academics and educators about the future of teaching and learning.

Laura has started her talk about pointing to previous speaker and his main points such as the importance of participation and alternative of formal and informal motive provision and what be learned from them and the need to engage people. Then she pointed to other talks claiming that no aspect that teaching and learning is natural. Also, there must be a justice for all educators in area such as admissions, university registration, curriculums and content, resources and support and feedback. After that, she talked about some framework applied in UK for teaching and learning to measure and rate it. She claimed that there is a need to participate to shape and develop a new model for new knowledge as a global context. Then she moved to local context by pointing to the policies used to higher education and how government support universities and they need to spend more to make education easier. Last point is about the curriculum and how culture affects it, and about the visibility of online content.

Liz started to talk about the politics and how it affects education and learning in the future such as issues of immigration and social problem. Its important to know how to develop our society in the way of considering other people nationality or religion.  Then she explained her position in all of these replaying on other speakers talks and what happen if technology has been activated around the world for communication and learning and sharing experience.

Christos replied to previous speakers by asking two question first one is how we assume the future of teaching and learning will be and the second question is how we think it should be? and they have been trying to balance between these two questions. Then he said that the role of the involvement in the educational process to represent the educational environment multi social and dynamic considering decision making of all participants showing his country as a good example of that. Then he raised the issue of fair education for all regarding to other societies and countries with the fact of the education system is connected to the political aims.

Maha replied about social media explaining the political views and how people communicate to each other. Also, how social media like facebook and tweeter select content to users based on interest and major trend. She added that people should learn from each other even if they do not know or do not like and should develop this kind of skills in practice.

Audrey started her talk by responded to Liz about the internet as a communication tool and asking are technologies the solution or not facing the future of teaching and learning. In addition, there is a big difference between a human mind and the AI which more faster, got huge memory, and smarter.

Finally, Laura has finished the talk by claiming that education should be free and less expensive than today. Because that makes rich people getting more education in high standard institutions than poor people and we should think how we close this gap.

In my opinion, the rapid development of technology should make everyone inspired about the future of teaching and learning, because it will make it more convenient, and easier. Also, the cost will be varies depends on how institutions apply it in the teaching and learning process.

Academic Article for the Future of Learning reading list

James has giving us a task to recommend an academic article for our Future of Learning reading list.

I have used different search engine to find a good article that might be useful to be included. Then I have found the article titled “Technology and Applications for Collaborative Learning

in Virtual Reality”. This article presents the history of the virtual reality and its revolution for education discussing the impact and what it can bring to classrooms and when and how long it will take to emerge effectively.   

Then, the article shows one of the limitations of physical classroom locations such as the capacity. On the other hand, it talks about the advantages of virtual environment such as convenient access with no need for physical presence of a human.

Also, the article indicates the advantages of virtual environment and technology can be used for interactive environment and for single or multi-user. After that it reflects on a large-scale effort to bring immersive collaborative virtual reality to the classroom.

Finally, it discussed some challenges and opportunities related to virtual reality in formal and informal learning. I think this article can help to understand what is the virtual reality and what technology can be used in it such as simulation, and virtual lab.  Also, we need to know what are the implications of moving toward this kind of education is it safe and more effective.

 

 

Reference:

http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/32215/

 

 

 

 

 

 

Session 8: How the brain works?

The human brain consists of special cells called neurons, which are composed of several parts, including brain fibers known as dendrites. As you learn, these brain fibers grow. The fibers connect your brain cells to one another at contact points called synapses. The larger your brain fibers grow, and the more brain cells, they connect, the more information can be stored in your brain.

That leads to ask how the brain learns.  The brain can learn via practice such as reading books, stories, letters, and news which make a strong connection in the brain. Also, it can learn from prior knowledge and doing something increases the experience. Other brain learning is the memory recognition which makes the brain keep remembering facts based on stored knowledge. The Last thing is sleeping, many studies show that getting enough time of sleeping makes the brain recover and gives it the ability for thinking and to take a new information.

 

Reference:

http://college.usatoday.com/2015/06/19/5-way-your-brain-learns/

 

Session 7: Beyond the life of Trees.

In this session, our homework is to reflect on why Sugata has been recommending the following book:  The Hidden Life of Trees by Peter Wohlleben.

The book is all about trees and its life, then explaining how its communicating with each other and how single stump can live for a long time without any green leaves.

Also, the video of Suzanne Simard supported Wohlleben book by studying the complex, symbiotic networks in the forests and she has a TED talk titled How do trees talk to each other?.

Now how all of that can support Sugata talk about self organising system?

SOLE is all about making the learning environment more cooperative and better in communication as in the book the trees are communicating even if they are different in shapes or ages. As a result, teachers will pass their knowledge to educators, and then educators will collaborate with each other to develop the learning environment and their social skills.

What does this have to do with the future of learning?  And why is he recommending a book about trees?

As the trees have “wood wide web” for communication and support each other, human can learn from “world wide web” but how we add experience from wise people, which is more than just over the internet which needs to activate the Personal Leaning Networks (PLN).

Similar to the trees life all resources should be combined along with the knowledge to have fully integrated education system.

Session 6: Personalized and privileged education or popular education for all – what role will machine learning, Artificial Intelligence and Virtual reality play?

In this session, the lecturer requested from all students to write in their blogs a reflection of the question “Personalized and privileged education or popular education for all – what role will machine learning, artificial intelligence and Virtual reality play”.

I will start with explaining what Personalized learning means. It refers to an assorted selection of different programs, learning experiences, instructional approaches, and strategies that address the distinct learning preferences, interests, aspirations, weaknesses, or cultural backgrounds of individual students. For the future education AI will help automating this personalized sets.

So, what role can AI and virtual reality can play in education? First, AI can play an important role in future education as follows:

  • Artificial intelligence can automate basic activities in education.
  • AI educational software can be adapted to meet students need.
  • AI can find possible improvement for students.
  • AI can produce AI tutors that students can get additional support.
  • AI will help educators to get helpful feedback.
  • AI will make educators find and interact with information.
  • AI will change the role of teachers but not replacing jobs.
  • AI designed to help students to learn, is a much less difficult way to deal with trial and error.
  • AI will change the form of education, school, teaching, supporting educators.
  • AI may change where students learn, who teaches them, and how they acquire basic skills.

Machine learning is a subset of AI has programs to identify patterns in data to inform algorithms that can make data-driven predictions or decisions. As it interacts with computers, continuously teaching what educators like. The more data, the smarter the algorithms become.

I think VR can virtualize most of AI roles to change the form of the future education. Then AI and VR will be playing an integrated role in the future education. For example, educators will have virtual study tools that managed by AI system to learn by themselves and can create their own learning environment. Also, VR can produce materials to introduce difficult concepts by immersive experiences.

GettyImages-695563322-2

I believe that the quality of education will be on how the school has adapted its curriculum to current and future technological demands rather than past achievement?

Reference:

SESSION 5: What will education look like in 2040?

This session has started on reading students blogs about Personal Learning Networks (PLN). Then explained everyone got different classification but the style of learning still the same. After that, there was a Skype chat with two security expert speakers from the USA talking about cyber security and the future of learning. It was very interesting and the talk was in four topics as follows:

  • Introduction to Deloitte and Cyber Risk Practice and our experience with higher education institutions
  • Cyber threat perception in corporate world
  • Identity and Access Management.
  • How is cloud changing the world and introducing new risks.

In this lecture there were many questions need to be answered, for example, are people might have to develop new skills? And will machines replace them? And how it will impact learning?

At the end of the lecture, we moved to the big question that need to be answered which is “What will education look like in 2040?”

Everyone has answered in his blog in a different way. There is no exact answer to expect that the future of education will be in a different form, but based on the rapid development now we can predict that the learning will become more convenient for everyone. Furthermore, continuing this development of resources and learning styles with quicker, easier free access to online resources and materials, perhaps leads to decrease the need for classrooms, and therefore physical access. 

In addition, after reading some articles such as Classrooms in 2050 by David Hopkins, who talked about the future of education after more than twenty three years that I summarised my view as follows:

  • Students can have their classes anywhere and they just need access to the internet and equipments for interactive classroom.
  • Active classrooms will exist for active learning and sharing experience.
  • Students can get degrees by taking online courses which can reduce the number of population in institutes which may be limited.
  • Students can access to get support anytime and anywhere from advisors seeking help to improve their progress.

Also, I think that I need to highlight what the classrooms will be in that time which can be as follows:

  • There will be digital classrooms, using MOOCS, flipped classrooms, and Codecademy, “there is more than one way to learn and to educate and more than one goal in doing so”.

The final point is that who will be teaching in the future? AI is rapidly producing very intelligent robots that can imitate human gestures and facial expressions. This makes most people worry robots and they will replace human jobs while many experts argue that more technologies could create more job opportunities. A recent study has examined the use of robots in early childhood and lower level education and found that robot’s influence on children’s skills development could be grouped into four major categories: cognitive, conceptual, language and social (collaborative) skills.

The following video shows the Robopal robot teaching kids.

 

In the future these robots will be different to be more look like human even Sophia the first robot has obtained the Saudi citizenship.  

sophia

I have talked about the bright future of education, but people should also be aware of the dark side of the internet and the development.

 
 REFERENCES:

Further Reading:

Session 4: How Do I Learn?

In this session, our lecturer started to talk about our blogs and learning theories that everyone has briefly wrote in his blog and about the interesting points they found.

Then, James has asked us to write in our blogs about how do I learn?

Capture2

This question has let me to notice that we always have Personal Learning Networks (PLN) and we do not realise it. PLN means that everyone makes his learning environment of people and knowledge source to support him to achieve the learning goals.

So, I divided obtaining knowledge into two ways traditional and non-traditional.

First, traditional knowledge resources include university lectures and books, people such as parents, old people experience, my husband, my kids and friends. Second, the non-traditional knowledge resources include social media such as twitter, Facebook, Whatsapp broadcast, and WordPress blogs, and websites like Open University online courses and Newcastle university library documents.

This article, Personal Learning Networks for Educators, indicates ten steps that I found very helpful for building professional learning networks as follows: connect, contribute, Converse, request, blog, tweet, join Classroom 2.0, use Google, be patient, and be authentic.

I believe sharing resources will help to develop your knowledge and extend your learning networks. Also, we need more inspiration to increase our knowledge.

 

Session3: Sugata Mitra and Self Organised Learning Environment

sugata

Last week session was with Professor Sugata Mitra. He is known with his experiment “Hole in the Wall” and  he discovered the power of (SOLE).

Professor Sugata Mitra was sharing lots of stories from his experience and his traveling to different countries and from testing his SOLE in some schools. He left the lecture with a lot of questions that we need to think about in terms of developing teaching process.  One of the stories was about a man taught himself over the internet about medical practice. And he started consulting people without a certificate for over than 16 years. Then the government arrested him because he did not have authorisation to that. The question here is despite this as a crime but as an example anyone can learn anything from the internet without going to any teaching institute.

Also, he talked about some teaching methods that can be used for children at schools. For example, A teacher can divide children in a class into groups and lead them with whys questions to make them think more pretending that the teacher do not know the answer. Furthermore, the teacher needs to mix each group with children with different abilities, this will help then to participate and be more active in the class.

Finally, he finished the lecture by testing the SOLE and he asked “Is sapiens important? If so, why?.” This question brought four different answers from each group. Our group answered the world defined as wise and its important because human can think and take decisions depend on experiences.

Session 2 Reflection

In this session, we have been asked to make from plasticine a shape that represents our thinking about the future of learning in different way. As video games plays a big role for entertainment and people spend long time on games, so authorities should find a way and improve the learning methods to be more active and entertaining.

Hence, I expect that the future of learning could be more enjoyable, exciting, and easy for educators.

game1